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JLBC: First Aid

JLBC: First Aid

What is first aid?


First aid is the emergency care given to the sick, wounded, or injured before medical personnel can administrate medical treatment.

What are the four life-saving steps?

The four life savings steps are:

  1. Open the airway and restore breathing.

  2. Stop the bleeding.

  3. Prevent shock.

  4. Bandage and dress the wound to avoid infection.

What is respiration?

Respiration is how oxygen is taken into the body, and carbon dioxide is expelled.

Name two ways to open the airway to restore breathing.

The two ways to open the airway are the head-tilt and jaw-lift methods.

What are the two primary methods of administrating artificial respiration?

The two primary methods to administrate artificial breathing is mouth-to-mouth and chest-pressure arm-lift.

What is the preferred method of controlling severe bleeding?

The preferred method for controlling severe bleeding is the use of pressure dressing.

Name some of the symptoms of shock?

JLBC cadets, some of the symptoms of shock are restlessness, thirst, pale skin, and rapid heartbeat.

How is a sucking chest wound made airtight?

A sucking chest wound is made airtight by placing a piece of plastic or foil directly over the damage not to allow air to enter.

Name two types of fractures.

Two types of fractures are closed and open fractures.

Why is a fracture immobilized?

A fracture is immobilized to prevent the razor-sharp edge of the bone from moving and cutting tissue, muscle, blood vessels, and nerves.

What is psychological first aid?

Psychological first aid is nothing more than helping people with emotional injuries, whether from physical injuries, disease, or excessive strain on their emotions.

What is self-aid?

Self-aid is the emergency treatment one applies to oneself.

Name three types of bleeding.

JLBC Cadets, the three types of bleeding are arterial, venous, and capillary.

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