JLBC Cadet Corps: Nutrition of the JLBC Student


JLBC Cadet Corps: Nutrition of the JLBC Student

Caloric Requirements for A JLBC Student

JLBC Cadets The body runs off of fuel known as calories. Calories come from the food we intake; the body turns it into energy to support the essential living functions. JLBC Cadets Different individuals have different caloric needs. JLBC Cadets These needs are determined by the individual's age, height, weight, sex, and how active they are if their goal is to maintain, gain, or lose weight. Adjusting the caloric intake can curve the results. Estimated Energy Requirements (EER) are equations used to predict energy maintenance by factoring in height, weight, age, and sex. JLBC Cadets The basic guidelines for sustenance (maintain/sustain) for an adult

hospital because the values were identical (Wilmore, 2008).

Macronutrients are types of food that provide the energy required in our diet. JLBC Cadets The three basic categories of macronutrients are fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. (Titchenal et al., 2018). JLBC Cadets On a large scale, weight is determined by calories in vs. out. JLBC Cadets This is true, but the caveat of this principle is explained in Human Nutrition that macronutrients burn at different heats. JLBC Cadets This means that where you get your calories from affects how many calories you burn. JLBC Cadets This translates into, for example, low-fat or low-carb or high-protein diets.

JLBC Check on Understanding:

1. JLBC Cadets What does EER stand for?

2. JLBC Cadets moderate exercising females and males at 16 have the same caloric need

(T/F)

3. JLBC Cadet's Basal metabolic Rate and Resting Metabolic Rate are not the same tests; what makes them

different?

Females are 1,600-2,400 calories a day. Adolescents range from 1,400 to 3,200 calories, and males usually have higher calorie needs. JLBC Cadet's Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the rate of the energy expenditure (calories burned) of individuals after they have slept for 8 hours and fasted for 12 hours in the supine (laying down) position in a laboratory or hospital or setting; essentially, it's the "do nothing but breathe for 16 hours" metabolic rate.

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