JLBC CADET CORPS Leadership Skills & Theories
The traits described in MBTI mean specific things related to Meyers and Briggs. Not all definitions of these words apply to the traits used in this model.
Extroversion versus Introversion focuses on how you derive your ‘energy.’ (Meyers Briggs Foundation, 2017) Indications of extroversion are getting a lot out of active involvement – wanting to engage with people and lead your life by being out and about doing things. Extroverts are outgoing ‘people persons’ who like group interaction. They recharge themselves by reaching out and interacting with people. Introversion is more cerebral – quieter, more solo activities and hobbies. Introverts are seen as shy or reserved and are better in small groups. They have fewer, but often very close friendships and are more ‘inside’ themselves. Introverts recharge by being alone, especially after an event where there is lots of interaction with other people.
Sensing versus Intuition focuses on how people gather information. Sensing people seek information through their senses – see, hear, touch, taste, and smell. They are concerned with reality and tend toward practicality. Sensors like to experience things and engage in authentic problem-solving. They are often pragmatists. People who lean more toward Intuition assess situations through impressions and patterns. They prefer theory to hands-on reality and symbols and abstractions rather than facts. People who favor Intuition find meaning ‘between the lines and enjoy new and different things.
Thinking versus Feeling focuses on how people make decisions. Thinkers look for fundamental truths and principles and use analysis of pros and cons in making decisions. They remain unbiased, concentrate on an impersonal analysis of factors in decision-making, and emphasize technical and scientific facts when possible. Thinkers like logical explanations and look for inconsistencies in their investigations. They prefer truth over tack, tend to be task-oriented, and may seem uncaring. Feelers (people who emphasize their feelings over facts, not those who like to feel things) are people-oriented and are likely to consider peoples’ points of view. They focus on values and what’s best for those involved. Feelers seek harmony and make decisions with their heart. They value compassion and idealism and tend to be sentimental.
Judging versus perceiving relates to how you lead your ‘outer’ life. People who lean toward judging prefer structure – a planned, orderly lifestyle. They want a life that’s under control. Judgers (these are not people who ‘judge’) ‘act in the outside world when seeking information and making decisions. They focus on making decisions and are task-oriented. They tend to place work before play and are good time managers who are on time and focused on their plans. People who lean toward perceiving are flexible and adaptable in their lifestyles. They prefer a spontaneous way of life, going with the flow. They focus on gathering information, are open to new information, and may delay making decisions. Many of these characteristics are true of the individual’s ‘outer world’ and how others see them, not how they feel ‘inside.’